News - 2016

Publication of the CSI GNR 2014 data

Geneva, 22 July 2016

This tenth (10th) GNR report consolidates information from 934 facilities around the world. These facilities produce approximately 21% of global cement production. 83% of the data is independently assured.   

The 2014 results show the cement industry maintaining the improvements of recent years. Specific net emissions, net meaning discounting the use of alternative fuels, are 19% below 1990 levels. Including the saved emissions achieved by the use of biomass, participating companies have avoided 110 million tonnes of CO₂ emissions. This has been achieved by significant investment in more efficient kilns, higher fossil fuels substitution, increasing use of biomass and improving clinker mineralogy, so that the clinker content of cement can be reduced.

Global data 1990 2012 2013 2014
Clinker (grey) volume Million tonnes 423 650 643 660
Cementitious volume Million tonnes 512 874 867 889
Gross specific emissions (cementitious) kg/tonne 756 634 631 633
Net specific emissions (cementitious) kg/tonne 750 615 610 612
Kiln fuel use MJ/tonne clinker 4256 3523 3503 3502
Specific electricity use (cement) kWhrs/tonne 117 104 104 104
Specific electricity use (clinker) kWhrs/tonne   70 71 70
% clinker in cement % 83 74.7 74.7 74.5
% alternative fuel use % 2.0 14.3 15.3 15.9

This year for the first time GNR commissioned an independent review of the reports by the European Cement Research Academy (ECRA). To improve the information value of the report, for example, charts now have more relevant information on coverage for recent years. Also, alternative fuels are now labelled either “biomass” or “alternative fossil and mixed fuels”.

Another development is the generation of national and regional cumulative frequency distributions (cfds) from facility data rather than from consolidated company level inputs. This allows many more "cfds" at national and regional level than in previous years while maintaining the strict confidentiality policies of GNR.

Visit the GNR website ( to view the global & regional data or email the This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it. if you have additional question.