Responsible Sourcing

The following are some useful resources built on the list of reference quoted in the CSI Biodiversity Management Planning (BMP) Guidance published in 2014.

BirdLife International, Conservation International (CI), International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) & United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) World Conservation Monitoring Centre
The Business & Biodiveristy Research Centre
Cement Sustainability Initiative (CSI)
Cemex and BirdLife International
Conservation International (CI)
Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD)
Gardner, J. and P. Mitchell
Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)
Hanson, C., J. Rangthangan, C. Iceland and J. Finisdore
Holcim-International Union for Conserviation of Nature (IUCN)
International Council on Mining and Metals (ICMM)
International Finance Corporation (IFC)
International Union for Conserviation of Nature (IUCN)
International Union for Conserviation of Nature (IUCN)-Species Survival Commission, Invasive Species Specialist Group (ISSG)
International Union for Conserviation of Nature (IUCN)-United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Salafsky, N., R. Margoluis, and K. Redford
European Aggregates Association (UEPG)
European Aggregates Association (UEPG)-UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre (WCMC)
World Business Council for Sustainable Developemnt (WBCSD)
World Business Council for Sustainable Developemnt (WBCSD), Environmental Resources Management (ERM), International Union for Conserviation of Nature (IUCN) & PricewaterhouseCoopers (PwC)
World Business Council for Sustainable Developemnt (WBCSD), World Resources Institute (WRI) & Meridian Institute

The CSI has launched a practical guidance for companies wishing to understand and then follow the steps in developing a Biodiversity Management Plan (BMP).

Biodiversity Management Plan (BMP) Guidance

To help demonstrate these steps in practical terms, a range of case studies has been collected to demonstrate how these steps have been implemented in different ways in various parts of the world. Each case study describes the context for the actions, what was actually undertaken, what the outcomes were and what was learnt from the process. The case studies have been categorised according to stages in the BMP process that are described in greater detail in the BMP Guidance and outlined below.

Stage 1: Investigate the existing background data and context (Page 11)

Cemex: Conserving internationally recognised Important Bird & Biodiversity Areas through BMP planning (Malaysia)

Stage 2: Field investigations (Page 13)

Holcim: Field investigations to determine biodiversity priorities and actions (Costa Rica)

Stage 3: Stakeholder engagement (Page 15)

HeidelbergCement: Collaborative wetland management at Kinokamau Lake, Edmonton (Canada)

Lafarge: Restoration of an aquatic fauna corridor on Saint-Etienne River – Pierrefonds Quarry on Réunion Island

Lafarge: Best practice in biodiversity management and stakeholder engagement (Romania)

Votorantim: Environmental education and appreciation – A part of World Environment Day celebrations at Votorantim (Brazil)

Stage 4a: Determining priority species, habitats and ecosystems (Page 17)

HeidelbergCement: Return of the Peregrine (Canada)

Lafarge: Araxos quarry – Development of a scientific project for the conservation of remarkable endemic species (Greece)

InterCement: Controlling Alien Plants - Restoring a Valuable Ecosystem Conservation Area in Oribi – Simuma (South Africa)

Stage 4b: Defining targets and actions (Page 19)

Lafarge: Preservation of the Natterjack Toad in Anneville-Ambourville aggregate storage site, Normandy (France)

Titan: Offset measures to promote and enhance biodiversity (USA) 

InterCement: Rehabilitation of quarrying areas in Atlantic Forest (Brazil)

InterCement: Forestry reorganisation at the Bom Jesus Quarry – A tool for biodiversity (Portugal)

Stage 4c: Monitoring & evaluation (Page 24)

Intercement: Assessing the effects of gypsum quarry effluents in a temporary stream fish assemblage (Portugal)

Italcementi: The floristic diversity in the San Giuseppe di Basovizza quarry, Trieste (Italy)

Lafarge: Preservation of birds and rich pioneer grasslands Gaillon Quarry, Normandy (France)

SECIL: Promoting fauna diversity and abundance: Implementation of Management Actions and Monitoring (Portugal) 

Titan: Assessing biodiversity in old rehabilitated quarry benches (Greece)

Stage 5: Writing the BMP (Page 26)

Lafarge: Writing a BMP: The case of Longué Jumelle (France)

Stage 6: Reviewing, revising and reporting on the BMP (Page 29)

Cemex: A long-standing partnership with the Wildlife Habitat Council yields a comprehensive BMP (USA)

The CSI has collected case studies that highlight responsible quarrying rehabilitation activities. These are drawn from a range of quarry types and local habitats around the world. They include rehabilitation “lessons learned” and contact details for further information in the hope they prove useful for other companies involved in similar quarrying or rehabilitation activities. The case studies have been reviewed by external parties. As a set they can be categorized according to their focus:

  • True methodological approach: Biological inventory followed by evaluation to assess ecosystem and species characteristics. Objectives are clearly linked to evaluation results
  • Systematic intervention: A focus on one habitat or ecosystem e.g., forest/waterway
  • Specific action: A focus on one or a few species
  • Technical approach: Sharing internal technical knowledge about techniques particularly relevant to cement industry, for example excavation technologies and systems
  • No biodiversity objective: Rehabilitation objectives could focus on issues like tourism, environmental education or mixed land use, but biodiversity enhancement also occurs in that process usually thanks to engagement with local stakeholders.

These case studies are examples of existing good practices. They aim to share learning and disseminate good practice, and to improve rehabilitation practices around the world, not just in the areas outlined in this set of case studies. Learning on rehabilitation is continuous and there is more progress to be made – the process of developing these provided a good opportunity for each company to consider the learning they have undergone already.

Case studies in the CSI Guidelines on Quarry Rehabilitation document

A rehabilitation linked to a local biodiversity plan (Page 5 & 6)

Inclusion of a specific stakeholders group linked to social aspects (Page 7)

Type of communication (Page 8 & 9)

Environmental and Social Impact Assessment (ESIA) (Page 11)

Reference to multisite (Page 12)

Use of the Corporate Ecosystem Review (ESR) (Page 13)

Mitigate negative impacts (Page 14)

Examples of rehabilitation objectives (Page 16 & 17)

Specific technical case studies, e.g. on soil conditions, habitats, alien species, hydrology (Page 18 & 19)

Specific technical case studies, e.g. on soil conditions, habitats, alien species, hydrology (Page 22)

Other case studies 

Related work

The European Cement Association (CEMBUREAU), and the European Aggregates Association (UEPG) have been compiling case studies from amongst their own members, and these can be found here under:


The conservation of biodiversity, and other elements of natural capital, is a global issue requiring collaborative solutions at scale. At the same time, action at a local scale is equally important.

Member companies of the CSI recognise that healthy ecosystems provide a range of resources and services that are essential to human wellbeing and businesses, including food, materials, water, medicines, and fresh water. In addition, companies that demonstrate responsible business behaviour by minimising their ecological footprint and ensuring the welfare of the communities and environments in their areas of operation automatically have a competitive edge: they are more likely to avoid operational risks, to attract investors, to gain public and consumer support, and to retain high value employees, for example. These companies are also more likely to gain access to resources through the permitting process. Careful management of biodiversity impacts at sites is therefore a fundamental requirement for the sustainable operation of the cement sector.

With that understanding, member companies of the CSI delivered a Biodiveristy Management Plan (BMP) Guidance in 2014, intending as a practical resource for use at the site level when companies are at the stage of developing their biodiversity management plans. The objective of the document is to provide step-wise guidance by presenting the key biodiversity issues, explaining the connection between operations and healthy ecosystems, outlining management steps, and then linking to reference documents, data, tools and related guidance so that companies can progressively implement biodiversity into their management through the development of an appropriately focused management plan.

Biodiversity Management Plan (BMP) Guidance
Biodiversity Management Plan (BMP) Guidance

The BMP Guidance applies primarily to quarries, but the principles can be applied to any mining site. The primary audience for this document is therefore environmental officers and operations managers, because a basic understanding of natural resources provides a good foundation for interpreting and acting on the information in the guidance. The secondary audience is quarry managers, with whom responsibility for decision-making on quarry operations lies and whose role it is to ensure that biodiversity is sufficiently incorporated into extraction and rehabilitation planning. Throughout the BMP Guidance, questions are posed to help the reader apply the recommendations directly to his or her management scenario or context. Where relevant, decision trees, checklists, case studies and templates are provided. The guidance document was developed following a process of consultation and engagement with a range of experts, both amongst CSI membership and with external stakedholers including, Birdlife International, European Bank for Reconstruction & Development (EBRD), International Finance Corporation (IFC), International Union for the Conservation of Nature (IUCN), Reserva da Biosfera da Mata Atlântica (RMBA), European Aggregates Association (UEPG) and the World Wildlife Fund (WWF).